The subtropical high pressure belts are known region for spiritual peace and eternal calmness. It is much popular theory of the earlier times, the Spanish transported horses by ship to their colonies in the West Indies and to the Americas. This is how this pressure belt is known as ‘horse latitude’.
Which region is called horse latitudes?
It is said that Spanish sailors ferrying horses to the West Indies were usually stuck for months in these calm waters and had to throw their horses into the water to conserve drinking water for themselves. This led to the term ‘horse latitudes’.
Which wind belt starts at the horse latitudes?
Surface winds known as “westerlies” flow from the Horse Latitudes toward the poles. The “westerlies” meet “easterlies” from the polar highs at about 50-60° N.
What are three major wind belts?
“Between the poles and the equator, each hemisphere has three major surface wind belts: the polar easterlies, which extend from the poles to about 60 degrees latitude; the prevailing westerlies, which stretch from about 60 degrees to 35 degrees; and the trade winds, which pick up at about 30 degrees, and blow towards …
What are Earth’s major wind belts?
The Earth contains five major wind zones: polar easterlies, westerlies, horse latitudes, trade winds, and the doldrums. Polar easterlies are dry, cold prevailing winds that blow from the east. They emanate from the polar highs, areas of high pressure around the North and South Poles.
Why is there high pressure at 30 degrees from the equator?
The air that rises at the equator does not flow directly to the poles. Due to the rotation of the earth, there is a build up of air at about 30° north latitude. … Some of the air sinks, causing a belt of high-pressure at this latitude. The sinking air reaches the surface and flows north and south.
Why do sailors avoid doldrums?
Because the air circulates in an upward direction, there is often little surface wind in the ITCZ. That is why sailors well know that the area can becalm sailing ships for weeks.
What is the name of the winds between 60 and 90 degrees latitude?
Polar Easterlies: From 60-90 degrees latitude.
What are the four pressure belts?
Pressure Belts of the Earth
- (i) Equatorial Low-Pressure Belts.
- (ii) Subtropical High-Pressure Belts.
- (iii) Circum-Polar Low-Pressure Belts.
- (iv) Polar High-Pressure Areas.
- Shifting Of Pressure Belts.
- Related Links:
What are high and low pressure belts?
Differences in temperature lead to variations in air pressure around the world. Low-pressure areas are created when air rises. … High-pressure areas are created when air sinks. It is called high pressure because the weight of the air is above average when it sinks to the Earth’s surface.