Salmonellosis is a disease that causes diarrhea in horses and humans. It is associated with the bacteria Salmonella enterica. Clinical signs in adult horses include diarrhea and fever. Clinical signs in foals are more serious. Some horses do not show clinical signs but can transmit the bacteria.
What to do if a horse has Salmonella?
Call your veterinarian or contact the UF Large Animal Hospital at (352) 392-2229 if you suspect that your horse may be infected with Salmonella.
How long does a horse have Salmonella?
Clinical disease may last 4–5 days and usually is self-limiting, and S enterica can be isolated from the feces.
Is Salmonella contagious between horses?
Common signs include fever, diarrhea and lethargy in horses. Humans and horses can get salmonella from eating contaminated feces. Wash your hands, separate ill horses and don’t share equipment between horses to prevent the spread of salmonella if your horse is infected.
What are signs of Salmonella in horses?
The clinical signs of Salmonellosis in adult horses can include diarrhea, lethargy, fever, anorexia, and colic. Affected horses may be more susceptible to infection. Once recovered, these horses may continue to shed the bacteria in their feces, potentially transmitting it to other horses.
How does a horse get e coli?
E. coli is a very common commensal organism in the intestinal tract of horses. The bacterium is frequently cultured from the feces of both healthy horses and horses with diarrhea.
Can you get Salmonella from another person?
Salmonella is spread by the fecal-oral route and can be transmitted by • food and water, • by direct animal contact, and • rarely from person-to-person. An estimated 94% of salmonellosis is transmitted by food. Humans usually become infected by eating foods contaminated with feces from an infected animal.
Is there a Salmonella vaccine for horses?
Because a vaccine to protect horses against Salmonella does not exist, environmental and equipment disinfection, isolation of sick or new horses, good hand hygiene, and education are crucial parts of an infection prevention program.
How long does it take for a horse to recover from salmonella?
In many horses, illness caused by Salmonella runs its course in five to seven days. After this period the horse slowly recovers, although it may take several weeks before manure consistency returns to normal.