Hindgut ulcers in horses occur when there is erosion of the epithelial cells that line the intestinal wall. An open sore or ulceration can form, accompanied by inflammation and thickening of the intestinal mucosa.
How do horses get hindgut ulcers?
This condition is caused by large quantities of undigested simple carbohydrates (i.e., starches and sugars commonly found in processed grain feed) reaching the hindgut of the horse, and producing lactic acid. This drop in pH may reduce mucous production, leaving the mucous membranes of the hindgut vulnerable.
How do I know if my horse has hindgut ulcers?
Identifying Colonic Ulcers in Your Horse
- weight loss and/or general decline in body condition.
- resistance under saddle.
- irritability and other changes in attitude.
- lack of energy and stamina.
- loss of appetite.
- behavior indicating discomfort, such as pawing or laying down excessively.
- low-grade anemia.
Does omeprazole treat hindgut ulcers in horses?
Equine Gastric Ulcer Drug Treatments
Antisecretory agents shut down acid production in the stomach to allow healing to occur. Drugs in this category include omeprazole, ranitidine and cimetidine.
What is the best treatment for ulcers in horses?
There is currently only one pharmaceutical treatment – omeprazole – approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for gastric ulcers in horses. Omeprazole is available as a paste formulation and has been very effective in preventing and treating gastric ulceration in all types of horses.
What causes Horse ulcers?
Equine gastric ulcers are caused because gastric acid (hydrochloric acid secreted by parts of the stomach lining), and, to a lesser degree, the digestive enzyme pepsin, irritating the lining of the stomach, causing ulceration. Gastric ulcers are common in horses.
How do you treat a horse with ulcers?
Here are some of our top tips for managing your horse’s nutrition when prone to gastric ulcers:
- Provide ad-lib access to forage. …
- Increase turn-out. …
- Feed forage or a small short chopped, fibre based meal before exercise. …
- Try to spread meals throughout the day. …
- Provide plenty of water at all times. …
- Create hay stations.
What should I feed my horse with ulcers?
Include alfalfa in the feed for horses with ulcers. Research has shown that alfalfa is a better buffer to acidity than other fibre sources due to its protein and calcium content.
Can you scope for hindgut ulcers in horses?
Using an endoscope to visually confirm the presence of gastric ulceration in a horse’s stomach is a common practice – and generally fairly accurate. In fact, scoping is the most widely accepted means of visually verifying the presence of stomach ulcers.
What is the difference between Gastrogard and Ulcergard?
Green explained that Gastrogard, which is only available through a veterinarian, is used to treat existing stomach ulcers, while Ulcergard is meant to be used as a preventative method to keep a horse from developing ulcers and is often used either in horses who are prone to ulcers or in horses during stressful …
Can you scope for hind gut ulcers?
Your veterinarian may put an endoscope (gastroscope) in the stomach, to see if the horse has gastric ulcers, because the clinical signs of gastric ulcers are similar to those of RDC. If gastric ulcers are present then your veterinarian may want to start antiulcer treatment to see if the horse gets better.