The pastern is the area between the hoof and the fetlock joint.
Where is the pastern purpose?
The long pastern bone should be about one-third the length of the cannon bone. The function of the long pastern bone is to increase the flexibility of the fetlock joint and reduce concussion. The length, flexibility, and slope of the pasterns strongly influence the smoothness of the horse’s gait.
What is a broken pastern?
Pastern fractures are a result of the inter- nal forces of speed and fatigue. Microfractures in the bone structure are a common response to exercise stress. In most cases the body will repair these fractures by reinforcing and remodelling the bone matrix so it can better cope with the repeated stresses of exercise.
Are long pasterns on a horse bad?
A short, upright pastern increases concussion on the joints and can predispose a horse to arthritis or navicular disease. … A long, upright pastern predisposes to fetlock arthritis, but not ringbone.
How long should a horse’s pastern be?
Generally, a horse’s neck should be one and a half times the length of the head. The neck should tie into the horse’s body fairly high to provide good chest space. The shoulder and pastern angles should be between 40 and 55 degrees. A horse can move best with a short back and long neck.
What causes swollen fetlocks in horses?
Puffy hind fetlocks aren’t necessarily a sign of injury. Most likely it’s just “stocking up.” Swollen joints are always cause for concern, but if both of your horse’s hind fetlocks become puffy after a period of inactivity, chances are the cause is a relatively harmless condition known as “stocking up.”
Why does my horse have a swollen fetlock?
Usually caused by a penetration wound from wire or a kick, it can happen when any foreign material enters the sterile area of the joint capsule. The pain is so severe that the horse will hardly bear weight on its leg. The fetlock will be swollen, hot and painful, and a small cut is usually visible.
How do I know if my horse has a fracture?
The symptoms of a fracture are dependent on the area of the fracture; among them:
- Severe pain in or around the fracture.
- Swelling in the affected area.
- Strange posturing.
- Lifting the affected leg off the ground.
- Strange angle of affected leg.
- Failure to place weight on affected leg or an uneven weight distribution.