There is no treatment or vaccine for EIA, so surviving infected animals must be kept at least 200 yards from non-infected animals until they test negative for EIA. The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) recommends a series of “Core” vaccines that each horse should receive annually.
How long is a horse Coggins test good for?
Horses that are transported need to have Coggins papers to know they are negative for the disease to protect them and other horses. The Coggins test is good for one year and must be done by a USDA certified veterinarian.
How many horses get Coggins?
The EIA virus is a member of the same family as human immunodeficiency virus. Only a few horses per 10,000 are infected in the United States. Most cases occur in states along the Mississippi River or in the southeast.
Are Coggins tests required?
It is a requirement in all fifty states, and there are time limits before a purchase. Coggins tests for Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA), which is a highly infectious disease. It causes lethargy, edema, and keeps horses from eating; some horses die right away, but most become asymptomatic carriers.
What are the symptoms of Coggins in horses?
Equine Infectious Anemia (Coggins’ Disease)
- high fever.
- labored breathing.
- pounding heartbeat and exhaustion.
Is Coggins contagious?
The Coggins test is a simple blood test to determine the presence of Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA). EIA is a non-contagious but potentially fatal virus. According to the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, symptoms of EIA can be non-specific, and include fever, weight loss, lethargy and anemia.
Can humans get Coggins?
“Currently, our U.S. prevalence is down to 0.004 percent of the population,” said Pelzel-McCluskey. “Last year we had only 46 cases, and we tested one and one half million horses.” However, recent reports of EIA infection in racing Quarter Horses in 13 states are cause for concern.
Can you transport a horse without a Coggins?
In the United States anytime you cross state lines you are required by law to have a current negative coggins and health certificate on each horse that is traveling with you. This is true whether you are traveling for a horse show, trail ride, or relocation.
How common is EIA in horses?
“Removal of these test-positive subjects from the population by the beginning of the 1980s resulted in only around 0.5% test-positives; today the incidence is less than 0.01%.” In 2001 testing identified 534 EIA-positive horses, whereas in 2015 only 69 horses of nearly 1.5 million tested were confirmed positive.
How old does a horse need to be for Coggins?
There is no age limit as to how old a horse must be to be tested, although most foals aren’t tested until six months of age. This is because at this age, most maternal antibodies have worn off and won’t interfere with testing the foal’s own blood.
What vaccines do horses need?
Important Considerations and Conclusions. You should always consult with your veterinarian to develop a vaccine plan for your horse. Again, ALL horses should receive the core vaccines (rabies, EEE/WEE, tetanus, and West Nile Virus).