Splints rarely occur in the hind legs. In older horses, the splint bones are fused solidly to the cannon bone. The majority of splint problems occur on the medial side (inside) of the forelimbs. The medial splint bone usually is the one affected because it has a flat surface next to the knee.
What is a splint injury in a horse?
Splints is an ailment of the horse or pony, characterized by a hard, bony swelling, usually on the inside of a front leg, lying between the splint and cannon bone or on the splint bone itself.
Are splints a problem in horses?
For the most part, splints are cosmetic blemishes that don’t interfere with a horse’s long-term athletic ability. However, some can result in significant lameness, especially in the immediate injury period or, in rare cases, where there is impingement of the suspensory ligament.
How do you prevent splints in horses?
How can splints be prevented?
- Increase training or performance level gradually, especially with young horses or horses returning to work after a layoff.
- Use splint boots to prevent accidental injury caused by a horse hitting a hoof against the inside of the opposite leg.
Should you box rest a lame horse?
Most vets nowadays will recommend box rest with a little controlled exercise and you may be advised to have your horse out of the stable for a few minutes every hour or so. This walking is beneficial in increasing the circulation and so prevents swelling.
How long does a splint take to heal?
If you add up all the time it takes to heal injured tissue in your body, then it would take approximately 7 to 9 weeks. Most cases of shin splints last about that long as well.
What is the general rule for splinting a fracture?
A basic rule of splinting is that the joint above and below the broken bone should be immobilized to protect the fracture site. For example, if the lower leg is broken, the splint should immobilize both the ankle and the knee. Pulses and sensation should be checked below the splint at least once per hour.
What are the 4 types of splints?
- Long leg posterior splint.
- Stirrup splint.
- Posterior ankle splint.
When a horse has corns where are they located and what causes them?
Corns are almost invariably caused by shoes which fit improperly so that they are fitted short and tight at the heels, traumatizing (injuring) the seat of corn. In some cases, shoes have been left on too long so that as the foot grows the shoe is carried forward causing the heel branches to traumatize the seat of corn.
How many splint bones are present in modern horse?
|number of complete digits (metacarpal, proximal, middle and distal phalanges)||4||1|
|number of splint bones||2|
|presence of ridge on metacarpal II (or medial splint bone)||present||present|
|presence of ridge on metacarpal IV (or lateral splint bone)||absent||present|