What causes CEM in horses?
Contagious equine metritis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Taylorella equigenitalis. It is transmitted by live cover breeding, contaminated equipment, and in semen collected for artificial insemination.
What is a CEM test for horses?
A certificate for Contagious Equine Metritis (CEM) testing in the current breeding season according to HBLB protocols is required. Two sets of swabs taken at least 7 days apart; swabs are taken from the urethra, urethral fossa, penile sheath and pre-ejaculatory fluid where possible.
Is Cem notifiable?
CEM is a reportable disease for laboratories. If a laboratory suspects the disease is present in a sample from your animal, they must contact their nearest Animal and Plant Health Agency office immediately.
What is swabbing a mare?
Contagious Equine Metritis is a transmissible, exotic, venereal disease which affects horses. It is caused by the bacterium Taylorella equigenitalis . Thoroughbred horses appear to be more severely affected than other breeds.
What is epizootic lymphangitis?
Epizootic lymphangitis is a chronic granulomatous disease of the skin, lymph vessels, and lymph nodes of the limbs and neck of Equidae caused by the dimorphic fungus Histoplasma farciminosum. The disease is seen in Asian and Mediterranean areas but is unknown in the USA.
How do you test for equine arteritis virus?
The only definite means of diagnosing EVA is by laboratory testing. The virus can be detected in various tissues and fluids such as nasal or conjunctival secretions, semen, blood, placenta, fetal fluids and tissues. More commonly, the blood is screened for the presence of antibodies to the virus.
What are notifiable diseases in horses?
A notifiable disease is a disease that must be reported to the Animal and Plant Health Agency ( APHA ) because of their potential for serious and rapid spread, consequences for animal or public health, or impact on international trade.
Is strangles a notifiable disease in UK?
Strangles is not a notifiable disease, but yards with confirmed outbreaks are strongly recommended to implement stringent biosecurity precautions to prevent further spread, and to notify neighbouring premises. The severity of clinical signs can vary depending on the age and condition of the horse.
How can you prevent equine metritis from being contagious?
The main ways of preventing infection are:
- have stallions, teasers and mares checked for infection before they are mated: this is done through swabbing and testing at a laboratory.
- always exercise strict hygiene measures when handling mares, stallions andteasers.