What does EIA do to horses?
What is EIA? Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA), sometimes called ‘swamp fever’ is an infectious disease that causes acute, chronic or symptomless illness, characterized by fever, anemia, swelling and weight loss in horses, ponies, mules and donkeys.
What is an equine EIA test?
The test uses a blood sample, and can determine is a horse is infected within two days. Other types of test are also used to confirm a positive result, but the Coggins test is internationally recognized as the gold standard in diagnosing and helping control EIA. There is no vaccination against EIAV.
How do you prevent EIA in horses?
Prevention is key to stopping the spread of EIA. Use a sterile needle, syringe, and IV set for all injections or treatments. Disinfect dental, tattoo, surgical equipment, lip chains, and bits thoroughly between horses. Remove all debris and blood with soap and water before disinfection.
How is EIA transmitted to horses?
EIA is a classic blood-borne infection. People have played an important role in EIAv transmission over the years by using blood-contaminated materials on different horses. But the EIAv is most often transmitted between horses in close proximity by large biting insects such as horse flies or deer flies.
Can a horse live with EIA?
Equine infectious anemia (EIA) is a viral disease transmitted primarily by flies, contaminated instruments and equipment. There is no vaccine for EIA and no known treatment. Horses that survive the acute phase of infection become lifelong carriers that pose a transmission risk to other horses.
Is EIA curable?
Despite testing and measures to eradicate the equine infectious anemia virus, EIAV, more than 500 new cases are identified each year in the U.S. There is no cure for EIA.
How do you test for EIA?
Agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID). Also known as the Coggins test, AGID is the most widely accepted procedure for the diagnosis of EIA. The test detects antibody against the viral p26 antigen (major core protein). It is the only procedure that has been statistically correlated with the presence of EIA virus in blood.
Is Coggins treatable?
There is no specific treatment or vaccine for EIA. Treatment consists of supportive therapy of intravenous fluids and vector control. Infected horses should be promptly isolated. There is no cure for EIA, so prevention is the key to controlling the disease.
Can a horse survive Coggins?
EIA as a disease was reported to be 30% fatal in symptomatic horses at the time. However, the Coggins test was 100% fatal-regardless of symptoms.
What type of disease is EIA?
Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) is a viral disease affecting only members of the equidae family (horses, ponies, zebras, mules, and donkeys). There is no vaccine or treatment for the disease. Infection is often in-apparent and results in a lifelong carrier state if the horse survives the acute phase of the infection.
Where is EIA found?
EIA provisions within Ministerial Authorities in the ACT are found in the Chapters 7 and 8 of the Planning and Development Act 2007 (ACT). EIA in ACT was previously administered with the help of Part 4 of the Land (Planning and Environment) Act 1991 (Land Act) and Territory Plan (plan for land-use).
What are the recommended vaccines for all horses?
Again, ALL horses should receive the core vaccines (rabies, EEE/WEE, tetanus, and West Nile Virus). The risk-based vaccines will depend on if your horse travels, your geographic location, breeding status, and other considerations.