A capped hock represents a swelling over the point of the horse’s hock (tarsus). If you look at your horse from the side, the point of the hock is located on the back of the hock where the tendons turn the corner and then head down the lower leg.
What is the purpose of a hock on a horse?
The hock links the lower leg bones to the tibia in a horse’s upper leg. It consists of four basic joints and multiple bones and ligaments. The upper joint (the tibiotarsal joint) is responsible for extensions and the majority of the hock mobility. The bottom three joints handle the remaining movement (about 10%).
What is a capped elbow on a horse?
Occasionally, a horse owner encounters a horse or pony with an unusual, firm swelling at the point of the elbow. More than likely this swelling is a shoe boil, also known as a capped elbow or olecranon bursitis — an inflammation of the synovial fluid sacs that support the elbow joint.
How do I know if my horse has hock problems?
Common problems of horse’s hock joint
- intermittent lameness with or without heat or swelling.
- initial stiffness that improves during warm-up.
- resistance to going downhill.
- soreness in lower back muscles as a result of overcompensating for the hocks.
Will a capped hock go away?
A deep capped hock can cause lameness due to local pressure and inflammation, but usually improves with rest. Capped hocks almost always merely represent a cosmetic blemish, but if a wound is involved, the bursa can become infected which represents a much more serious condition.
How do you sweat a horse’s hock?
Wearing gloves, apply a thin layer of sweat over the leg from just below the knee/hock, to the bottom of the fetlock. Stroke on in the direction of the hair, do not rub up and down. Roll a few layers of Saran wrap around the leg, then apply a regular standing bandage over top.