White clover and red clover are perennial plants. White clover can tolerate intense grazing and is often found in overgrazed pastures. … If the fungus is growing on red clover that is baled for hay, it will persist and can cause horses to drool when they consume the hay.
Does clover cause horses to drool?
When consumed while grazing or as hay, clover infected with this fungus will often cause horses to slobber excessively. This is known as Slaframine poisoning. The fungus infects red clover, white clover, alsike clover, and alfalfa. … The slaframine stimulates the salivary glands and causes horses to drool.
What causes a horse to slobber excessively?
Mechanical or chemical irritation results from horses grazing on plants that have sharp awns, spines, burs or substances that cause irritation (1). The irritation can lead to excessive salivation with drooling or frothy saliva, or oral ulcers.
Why do horses drool when they eat clover?
The fungus produces a toxin called slaframine that stimulates the salivary glands of horses causing them to drool – sometimes in alarming quantities. If the fungus is growing on red clover that is baled for hay, it will persist and can cause horses to drool when they consume the hay.
What is the best clover for horses?
Common white clover and Ladino white clover are the most popular legumes for horse pastures. Although alfalfa is commonly recommended, it is seldom found in pasture mixes. Red clover is also commonly recommended but most horse owners avoid it because it can cause the slobbers.
Can horses eat yellow sweet clover?
Horses, when they ingest too much sweet clover infected with slaframine, can develop the slobbers. … Your horse can also develop photosensitivity, or excessive sunburn, which can lead to liver damage. Most people do think that sweet clover is toxic to horses, and in most cases it is not.
How do you treat clover poisoning in horses?
There is no specific treatment for clover poisoning. Mild cases will usually recover once the toxic clover is removed from the diet. Horses displaying signs of photosensitization will find relief by reducing their exposure to sunlight.
How do you stop a horse from drooling?
The first thing to do to “cure” slobbers is to take the horse out of the pasture. The slobbering will cease within 24 hours. Be sure the horse drinks plenty of water. If you notice any symptoms other than the slobbering, or the slobbering does not subside within two days call your vet.
Is alsike clover bad for horses?
Alsike clover, in either hay or pasture form, is poisonous to horses. … Horses with alsike clover poisoning may show signs of liver disease; they become nervous, go off feed and show signs of colic. They may also pass brown urine and clay-coloured manure.
Are clover flowers poisonous to dogs?
In general, soluble calcium oxalate poisoning is more commonly associated with large animals (from livestock chronically grazing). However, when ingested in large enough quantities in small animals, it can result in poisoning in dogs, cats, and even humans.