Equatorial low-pressure belt. … Complete Answer: At about 30 degrees North and South of the Equator lies the gulf of the rising equator. So this place is a place of high pressure. Also called Horse Latitude.
Which of the following is called horse latitude?
What is Horse Latitude? Ans: The subtropical high-pressure belts present around the Earth in-between 30° N – 35° N latitudes and 30° S – 35° S latitudes that are responsible for the generation of light winds and clear skies are known as the horse latitudes.
Which pressure belts are known as doldrums and horse latitudes?
This low-pressure belt is also called as doldrums because it is a zone of total calm without any breeze. At about 30°North and South of Equator lies the area where the ascending equatorial air currents descend. This area is thus an area of high pressure. It is also called as the Horse latitude.
What are the 3 latitude belts?
“Between the poles and the equator, each hemisphere has three major surface wind belts: the polar easterlies, which extend from the poles to about 60 degrees latitude; the prevailing westerlies, which stretch from about 60 degrees to 35 degrees; and the trade winds, which pick up at about 30 degrees, and blow towards …
Are doldrums and horse latitudes the same?
The “doldrums” is a popular nautical term that refers to the belt around the Earth near the equator where sailing ships sometimes get stuck on windless waters. … The rising air mass finally subsides in what is known as the horse latitudes, where the air moves downward toward Earth’s surface.
Why are horse latitudes dry?
Horse latitude, either of two subtropical atmospheric high-pressure belts that encircle Earth around latitudes 30°–35° N and 30°–35° S and that generate light winds and clear skies. Because they contain dry subsiding air, they produce arid climates in the areas below them.
Why horse latitudes have high pressure?
Also called Horse Latitude. The air is constantly moving from high pressure to low stress. So the winds from the tropical region are blowing towards the Equator as Trade Winds and other winds are blowing towards Sub-Polar Low Pressure like Westerlies. … In poles the heavy cold air causes high pressure to form.
Why is subtropical Called Horse Latitude?
Often due to the calm water in this latitude, ships would not move in the ocean water prolonging the voyage. The shortage of drinking water made it difficult for the crew of the ships to keep the horses alive and thus they threw the horses into the oceans. … Therefore, this belt is also known as the ‘Horse Latitudes’.
What are Earth’s major wind belts?
The Earth contains five major wind zones: polar easterlies, westerlies, horse latitudes, trade winds, and the doldrums. Polar easterlies are dry, cold prevailing winds that blow from the east. They emanate from the polar highs, areas of high pressure around the North and South Poles.