It affects horses, donkeys and ponies of all ages, breed and sex. The bacteria often infect the lymph nodes around the jaw, causing them to become swollen. In severe cases they can become so swollen that horses struggle to breathe properly, hence the name ‘Strangles’.
Is horse strangles life threatening?
Strangles, also known as equine distemper, is caused by a bacterial infection of the highly infectious Streptococcus equi (Strep equi). It most commonly affects young horses, generally two years of age or less. Although the disease is potentially fatal, the mortality rate is generally less than 10 percent.
How long does the strangles virus live?
Strangles can stay active in water buckets and moist areas for four to six weeks, and the bacteria can survive for about one to three days in drier areas such as on fencing or in soil.
How long are horses contagious with strangles?
Horses who have had strangles may be contagious to other horses for a minimum of 3 weeks after all signs have resolved. Some horses are contagious for much longer (months).
Can a vaccinated horse get strangles?
The horse won’t get strangles, but the abscess will probably have to be drained in order to heal. Though this complication is also super rare, we usually recommend that horses receive strangles vaccines at a separate visit from their other vaccinations.
What disinfectant kills strangles?
Kill the bacteria easily by heat and disinfectants such as an iodine-based disinfectant, chlorhexidine, or hot steam spray. Eliminating its spread will require steps such as: Cleaning and disinfecting water buckets and feed containers daily. Scrubbing to disinfect any stall areas contaminated by an infected animal.
What is the survival rate of strangles in horses?
Nearly 100% of the animals in an exposed herd may be infected, but the mortality rate of strangles is typically 8.1%. Death is generally attributed to nervous system infections, pneumonia, or abscesses developing in the internal organs.
What to do if horse has strangles?
The best treatment at this point is to flush the drainage site, keep the area as clean as possible, and to maintain strict isolation of the ill horse. If your horse was stabled near one who had strangles at a show or rodeo, it is reasonable to treat it with antibiotics for at least six days after exposure.
How can strangles be transmitted?
Strangles is a disease caused by a bacteria called Streptococcus equi that can be easily spread directly through horse to horse contact and indirectly through contaminated equipment, handler clothing and boots etc.
Can a horse have strangles twice?
Can A Horse Get Strangles More Than Once? Yes, but this is uncommon. About 75% of horses that get strangles will also develop a very strong immune response against S. equi, making them immune to reinfection for a long time, if not for the rest of their lives.